3. Apprentices and Freemen

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Usually, around the age of fourteen, boys and some girls were bound apprentice in order to learn a trade.  They would normally serve seven years before being qualified to work in that trade themselves.  At that point, they could choose to become freemen when they would be given certain privileges denied to ordinary unskilled labourers.  This chapter explains what records you may find if your ancestor was apprenticed or became a freeman.  It includes:

  • information on craft guilds
  • different types of apprenticeship
  • sample apprenticeship documents
  • different ways of becoming a freeman

 

Index to Chapter 3.

absconding…………………………………………………. 5

ACTON……………………………………………………… 14

ADEAN……………………………………………………….. 9

advertisements…………………………………………… 5

ALLEN………………………………………………………. 14

almshouse………………………………………………… 10

apprentices…………………………………………………. 3

ARCHER…………………………………………………… 15

ATKINSON………………………………………………. 13

ATTWELL…………………………………………………. 14

AYRES………………………………………………………. 15

BALLENGER……………………………………………. 12

BARTLETT……………………………………………….. 12

BEARD………………………………………………………. 13

BISHOP……………………………………………………… 13

BLACKLEECH……………………………………………. 6

BLANCH…………………………………………………… 15

BLANDFORD…………………………………………… 12

Blockley………………………………………………………. 6

BLOCKWELL……………………………………………. 14

Blue Coat School Charity…………………………… 6

borough records……………………………………… 5, 8

BOUGHTON…………………………………………….. 12

Bristol………………………………………………………….. 9

BROWNE……………………………………………………. 6

BULLIMER……………………………………………….. 14

burgess………………………………………………………. 10

CAMBRY…………………………………………………… 15

Campden……………………………………………………. 6

CARPENTER……………………………………………. 14

CARTER……………………………………………………. 12

CHAMBERS……………………………………………… 13

charity…………………………………………………………. 6

charity apprenticeships…………………………….. 3

CHARMAN………………………………………………. 14

Cheltenham……………………………………………. 6, 8

churchwardens………………………………………….. 7

CLARKE……………………………………………………. 13

CLIFFE………………………………………………………. 12

CLUTTERBUCK…………………………………………. 6

COLLINGBOURNE…………………………………. 15

COLLINS…………………………………………….. 12, 14

COOK………………………………………………………… 12

COOMES…………………………………………………… 13

COWLEY…………………………………………………… 15

COX……………………………………………………… 12, 14

craft apprenticeships…………………………………. 3

craft guilds………………………………………………….. 2

DANGERFIELD……………………………………….. 12

DARVILL………………………………………………….. 14

DARVOLL………………………………………………… 13

DAVI(E)S……………………………………….. 12, 14, 16

DAY…………………………………………………………… 12

DERE…………………………………………………………… 9

DEVONSHEIRE……………………………………….. 14

DOWDING……………………………………………….. 12

DUCIE…………………………………………………………. 4

DUDLEY…………………………………………………… 13

DURROME……………………………………………….. 14

Edgeworth………………………………………………… 12

ELDER………………………………………………………. 13

EMERSON………………………………………………… 15

ERITHE……………………………………………………….. 9

EYRE…………………………………………………………. 13

FINCH…………………………………………………………. 9

fine…………………………………………………………….. 10

FOLLTHROP……………………………………………. 15

FORTUNE…………………………………………………. 13

freeman…………………………………………………. 3, 10

FUISTE………………………………………………………. 14

FULLJAMES……………………………………………… 12

FURNIS……………………………………………………… 13

GIBSON…………………………………………………….. 14

gift……………………………………………………………… 10

Gloucester Charity Trustees……………………… 6

Gloucester United Schools………………………… 6

GODWIN…………………………………………………….. 9

GRANGER……………………………………………….. 14

guilds…………………………………………………………… 2

Guiting Power……………………………………………. 6

GURNEY…………………………………………………… 13

GWILLM……………………………………………………… 9

GWINNETT…………………………….. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

HAINES………………………………………………. 13, 14

HALE………………………………………………………… 15

HAMBLET………………………………………………… 12

HARBERT…………………………………………………. 15

HARRIS………………………………………………. 13, 14

HASKINS……………………………………………………. 5

HATTERALL……………………………………………. 14

HAWTHORNE………………………………………… 14

HEAKE……………………………………………………… 13

HEYWARD………………………………………………. 13

HODGKIN………………………………………………… 14

HOLDER…………………………………………………… 12

HOLLIDAY…………………………………………………. 6

HONE……………………………………………………….. 14

HOSEY………………………………………………………. 13

HOWSE…………………………………………………….. 13

HUTCHINSON………………………………….. 13, 15

indentures…………………………………………………… 3

Inland Revenue………………………………………….. 3

IZARD……………………………………………………….. 14

JAMES……………………………………………………….. 14

JEANES……………………………………………………… 13

JEFFES……………………………………………………….. 13

JONES………………………………………………….. 12, 13

journeyman…………………………………………….. 3, 9

KINGSLEY………………………………………………… 12

KNIGHT……………………………………………………… 9

LEE………………………………………………………………. 4

LEWIN………………………………………………………. 14

LIDE…………………………………………………………… 15

LIGHTFOOTE…………………………………………… 14

liverymen……………………………………………………. 3

LONG………………………………………………………… 14

LYONS………………………………………………………. 15

MACE………………………………………………………… 14

magistrates…………………………………………………. 5

MALPAS…………………………………………………… 12

MANNING……………………………………………….. 13

master……………………………………………………… 3, 8

masterpiece…………………………………………………. 9

merchant apprenticeships………………………… 3

MILLER…………………………………………………….. 15

MITCHELL……………………………………………….. 15

Moreton Valence……………………………………….. 7

MORGAINE……………………………………………… 15

MORGAN…………………………………………………. 14

MOSELEY…………………………………………………. 14

Newent……………………………………………………….. 6

NEWMAN………………………………………………….. 8

NIND…………………………………………………………. 12

NORKETT…………………………………………………. 14

Northleach………………………………………………….. 6

Notes and Queries……………………………………. 15

NOURSE……………………………………………………… 6

overseers of the poor………………………………….. 7

PARTRIDGE……………………………………………….. 7

PATRICK…………………………………………………… 13

patrimony…………………………………………………. 10

pauper……………………………………………………… 6, 7

pauper apprenticeships…………………………….. 3

PAXFORD…………………………………………………. 13

payment……………………………………………………. 10

PETLEY…………………………………………………….. 14

PIGGOTT………………………………………………….. 13

POORES……………………………………………………. 13

POWELL……………………………………………………… 6

RAWLINS…………………………………………………. 13

REA……………………………………………………………. 14

READ………………………………………………………… 14

regulations………………………………………………….. 2

RICH……………………………………………………………. 6

ROGERS……………………………………………………… 9

ROSE……………………………………………………………. 9

SALCOMB…………………………………………………… 5

SAVIL………………………………………………………… 14

SHAKEL……………………………………………………. 14

SHEPPARD………………………………………………. 14

SKINNER………………………………………………….. 14

SMITH…………………………………………………. 14, 15

SPARROW………………………………………………… 14

SPENCER………………………………………………….. 14

Stamp Duty…………………………………………………. 3

Statute of Artificers and Apprentices……….. 3

STEVENS………………………………………………….. 12

STILES……………………………………………………….. 14

Stonehouse…………………………………………………. 7

SWEATNAM……………………………………………. 13

Tewkesbury…………………………………………….. 11

THORNEDELL………………………………………… 14

TOMALLIN………………………………………………. 15

TOWNSEND………………………………………………. 6

TURNER…………………………………………………… 15

TWOYEAROLD……………………………………….. 13

VEZEY………………………………………………………. 15

WALBRIDGE……………………………………………. 15

WALLIS…………………………………………………….. 12

WARE……………………………………………………….. 15

WARNER………………………………………………….. 13

WILDEGOS………………………………………………. 13

WILKINSON………………………………………. 13, 15

WILLIAMSON………………………………………….. 15

Winchcombe………………………………………………. 6

WINSTON………………………………………………… 14

WITHCELL……………………………………………….. 15

WITTS……………………………………………………….. 12

WOODHOUSE…………………………………………. 15

Wotton under Edge……………………………………. 6

YARD………………………………………………………… 13