12. Gaols and Houses of Correction

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Many of our ancestors committed crimes, some minor in the hope of surviving from one day to the next and some more serious. Was your ancestor sent to a House of Correction or to gaol? What was life like in prison in the 18th century? Perhaps he was transported across the seas? Or maybe even executed? On the other hand, was your ancestor a member of the county police force? Many records exist to help you fill in details of your ancestor’s life. This chapter includes a variety of records on:

  • houses of correction
  • Tewkesbury and Gloucester Gaols
  • Gloucestershire County Gaol
  • prisoners
  • transportation
  • executions
  • the police force

Index to Chapter 14.

accounts………………………………………………. 4

ALTON……………………………………………….. 9

BAILEY……………………………………………… 21

BAKER………………………………………………. 20

BAYLISS……………………………………………… 9

beadle……………………………………………….. 22

Berkeley……………………………………………… 2

Burford……………………………………………….. 7

BURFORD…………………………………………… 7

CARRY……………………………………………… 19

CHANDLER……………………………………….. 9

Chedworth………………………………………… 19

Chief Constable…………………………………. 22

CHILD…………………………………………………. 8

Cirencester………………………………………. 2, 3

COATES……………………………………………. 19

COLDHAM……………………………………….. 18

constable……………………………………………. 22

convictions………………………………………….. 4

COOK…………………………………………………. 5

County Gaol…………………………………. 16, 20

CRUMP……………………………………………… 18

CURTICE…………………………………………… 19

DAVISON………………………………………….. 19

debtors………………………………………………. 12

ELLIS…………………………………………………. 19

ELS……………………………………………………… 9

ESSEX………………………………………………….. 7

EVANS…………………………………………… 9, 20

execution……………………………………….. 2, 20

gaols………………………………………………….. 13

Gloucester……………………….. 2, 9, 10, 11, 13

GWILLIAM……………………………………….. 22

GWINNETT………………………………………. 14

HALE………………………………………………….. 9

HALY………………………………………………….. 8

Hardwicke………………………………………… 16

HARMER………………………………………….. 19

HARVEY…………………………………………….. 9

HEATH……………………………………………… 19

HEMING…………………………………………… 19

HOLBROW……………………………………….. 14

Horsley……………………………………………….. 4

house of correction……………………………… 2

HOWARD…………………………………………… 2

HUGHES…………………………………………… 20

ILES…………………………………………………… 18

imprisonment……………………………………… 2

JENKINS……………………………………………. 21

KILMINSTER…………………………………….. 15

Kingswood……………………………………….. 16

Kingswood Reformatory…………………… 16

KIRBY……………………………………………….. 19

LAMB………………………………………………….. 5

law enforcement………………………………… 22

Lawford’s Gate…………………………….. 2, 4, 5

LAWRENCE……………………………………….. 7

LEWIS……………………………………………….. 19

Littledean………………………………………… 4, 6

MACHEN………………………………………….. 22

NEWTON……………………………………………. 9

NICHOLLS………………………………………….. 9

Northleach…………………………………………… 4

OLAND…………………………………………….. 19

Painswick………………………………………….. 14

PAUL…………………………………………….. 4, 11

penal settlements………………………………. 17

photography……………………………………… 15

pillory…………………………………………………. 2

police………………………………………………… 22

prison hulks………………………………………. 17

prisoners……………………………………………… 14

PYRKE………………………………………………… 7

RACKFORD………………………………………. 20

Red Lodge Reformatory……………………. 16

reformatory……………………………………. 2, 16

riots…………………………………………………… 22

Royal Infirmary…………………………………. 17

SHIPWAY………………………………………….. 14

SKIPP………………………………………………….. 9

Spoonbed…………………………………………. 14

St. Briavels………………………………………. 2, 3

stocks………………………………………………….. 2

Tewkesbury………………………………… 2, 3, 9

TOWNLEY………………………………………….. 7

TOWNSEND……………………………………….. 7

transportation………………………………… 2, 17

transportation bond…………………………… 19

treadwheel………………………………………….. 9

Treasury returns………………………………… 13

WALKLEY………………………………………….. 5

WHITE………………………………………………. 20

Winchcombe…………………………………… 2, 4

WINNIATT……………………………………….. 15

WITTS…………………………………………………. 8

WOODHOUSE……………………………………. 9

WYATT……………………………………………… 19