10. Taxes and Tithes

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Taxation, whether by the government, local authorities or, in earlier days, the church, has been around for a thousand years.  Gloucestershire has some records from the 14th century, allowing you to discover if your research surname was in the county way back then.  Over the centuries, a variety of different items have been taxed – houses, hearths, windows and sheep to name a few!  Records exist of land taxes for most of the county around the start of the 19th century which list the head of household.  Tithes were paid to the church to support the establishment and the parish.

This chapter includes information on:

Lay subsidy rolls

Hearth tax

Window tax

Land tax

Tithes

Poor rates

Index to Chapter 10:

 

ALEYN………………………………………………………… 3

Almondsbury…………………………………………….. 9

Armorial Bearings Duty……………………………. 8

arrears…………………………………………………………. 4

assessments………………………………………………… 4

Avening…………………………………………………….. 10

Bibury……………………………………………………… 7, 8

Bisley…………………………………………………………… 2

Board of Guardians…………………………………. 11

Bradley……………………………………………………….. 2

Brightwells Barrow…………………………………… 2

carriages……………………………………………………… 8

census………………………………………………………….. 6

Centre for Hearth Tax Research……………….. 4

certificate of exemption……………………………… 5

chimney money………………………………………….. 4

church rate………………………………………………… 11

Cirencester…………………………………………………. 2

Clerk of the Peace……………………………………….. 6

coach makers……………………………………………… 8

Codrington………………………………………………….. 6

constable……………………………………………………… 4

COTERELL…………………………………………………. 3

Crowthorne………………………………………………… 2

CRESSWELL………………………………………………. 8

CUNDICOTE………………………………………………. 2

district council………………………………………….. 11

Easter Books……………………………………………….. 9

elections………………………………………………………. 6

electoral register…………………………………………. 6

Exchequer……………………………………………………. 4

executor……………………………………………………….. 5

farmer………………………………………………………….. 4

FISSHAR……………………………………………………… 3

FOWLAR…………………………………………………….. 3

general rate……………………………………………….. 11

GODEFREY………………………………………………… 2

GOODWIN……………………………………………….. 12

Great Shurdington…………………………………….. 5

GWINETT…………………………………………………… 5

Hair Powder Duty……………………………………… 8

Hearth Tax………………………………………………….. 4

highway rate…………………………………………….. 11

HOLFORD………………………………………………….. 3

Horse Dealers Duty……………………………………. 8

hospitals……………………………………………………… 4

HUFFILL……………………………………………………… 3

hundred………………………………………………………. 5

Hundred of St Briavels…………………………….. 2

Income Tax…………………………………………………. 8

JONYS…………………………………………………………. 3

JURDEN………………………………………………………. 3

Justice of the Peace……………………………………… 5

Kiftsgate……………………………………………………… 2

Lady Day…………………………………………………….. 4

Land Tax…………………………………………………….. 5

landowners…………………………………………………. 6

LAUGHTON………………………………………………. 3

LAWRENCE…………………………………………….. 12

Lay Subsidy…………………………………………….. 2, 3

lighting rate………………………………………………. 11

Longtree……………………………………………………… 2

Lower Swell……………………………………………. 2, 3

LUCAS………………………………………………………… 3

Michaelmas………………………………………………… 4

Napoleonic War…………………………………………. 8

nonconformity……………………………………………. 9

occupier………………………………………………………. 4

Overseers of the Poor…………………………………. 9

owner…………………………………………………………… 4

PAINTER………………………………………………….. 12

Peasants’ Revolt…………………………………………. 2

Poll Tax……………………………………………………….. 2

poor rate………………………………………………… 9, 11

Rapsgate……………………………………………………… 2

rate……………………………………………………………….. 9

RICHE…………………………………………………………. 3

ROBARD…………………………………………………….. 2

SCOT……………………………………………………………. 3

servants……………………………………………………….. 8

Sevenhampton………………………………………… 12

sewer rate………………………………………………….. 11

Sheep Tax……………………………………………………. 4

Shipton Moyne………………………………………… 11

St Briavels…………………………………………………… 2

SWELLE………………………………………………………. 2

taxation……………………………………………………….. 2

Tibblestone………………………………………………… 2

tithes……………………………………………………………. 8

tithingman………………………………………………….. 4

Vestry minutes……………………………………………. 9

WADE…………………………………………………………. 2

Wapley………………………………………………………… 6

WELSSHE…………………………………………………… 2

Window Tax……………………………………………….. 7

Yanworth……………………………………………………. 3